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Lima, Peru
 
ZipTipz Lima Travel Guide
©2007 wcities.com

The sprawling City of Kings extends outwards from the rugged clifftops of the Pacific coast with its mix of colonial and modern styles. It has Peru's best museums, restaurants and nightlife and the beaches will challenge the most experienced surfers.

District Guide

The historic district lies between Avenida Bolognesi and themalecón (quayside), where mid-19th century streets, parks and gardens can be enjoyed. Follow the seafront southward to the beaches lining the coast, to arrive at the Bajada de los Baños (Slopes of the Baths), a romantic location to...

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Historical Background

The city of Lima is a rich mixture of races and cultures. This has supplied a mosaic of interesting details to discover, from the ancient pre-Columbian temples to the colonial palaces, from neighbourhoods with a veneer of times gone-by to the wild-on discotheques and from the dark taverns to the...

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Where To Stay

In the last few years, the city of Lima has undergone dramatic economic development and this growth is reflected in its hotel infrastructure. Visitors have a wide choice, from the most luxurious hotel to basic accommodation with good service.

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Dining and Drinking

One of Lima's main attractions is its delicious cooking; quality food is found everywhere and it is not necessary to only go to the most expensive restaurants to enjoy a good meal. Lima's cuisine has managed to incorporate many influences and has made many traditions of its ow...

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Entertainment

The Museo de la Nación has a permanent collection, which covers all of Peru's archaeological and ethnographic regions and in addition, a replica of the royal tombs of the Señor de Sipán.

The largest private collection of Mochicha art in the world is to be found in the Museo Arqueológico Rafael...

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Recommended Tours

In the same way that the hotel infrastructure has undergone dramatic development in the last few years, the shopping scene in Lima has become much more diverse and sophisticated. Whilst quality and price usually reflect the type of establishment where goods are sold, this is not always the case...

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Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
© 2007 Wikipedia    

Lima

(City of the Kings)

Lima is the capital and largest city in Peru, as well as the capital of Lima Province. It is the cultural, industrial, financial, and transport hub of the country. The city is located in an area encompassing the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers. It lies on a desertic coast adjacent to the bay in the Pacific Ocean where its port was built and named Callao.

Founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro, Lima is also known as the City of Kings. For more than three centuries, Lima was the most important city and the greatest metropolis in South America. More than four centuries have passed since its founding as a Spanish city, and Lima has become an expression of Peru's heritage, with nearly one-third of the nation's population living in its metropolitan area.

While there is no formal administrative definition for the city of Lima, it is generally considered to be comprised of the central 30 out of the 43 districts of Lima province, corresponding roughly to the urban area centered on the historic Cercado de Lima district. The city serves as the core of the Lima Metropolitan Area, one of the ten largest metropolitan areas in the Americas.

The city was founded by conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535, naming it Tres Veces Coronada Ciudad de los Reyes as the location was decided at Epiphany, the January 6. Lima, its original name, however persisted. It is uncertain where the name originated, but it is thought that it derives from the Aymara word lima-limaq, (yellow flower) or from Quechuan rimaq (talking). In the oldest Spanish maps of Peru, both Lima and Ciudad de los Reyes can be seen together as the names of the city. The river that feeds Lima is still known to this day as "Rimac" which is thought to be the origin of the city's name, the "valley of the Rimac". The river is also nicknamed the "Talking river" (Río Hablador in Spanish).

Lima became the most important city in the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru, which encompassed nearly all of Spain's possessions in South America during the colonial era (mid 1500s to early 1800s).

In 1746, many important and monumental buildings were damaged and or destroyed (later repaired) in an earthquake. The City of Kings' cultural patrimony and incomparable, beautiful architecture remained prevalent. Its architectural and political importance in Latin America were equalled only by Mexico City.

In 1996, the Japanese embassy hostage crisis took place in Lima, an affair which received global media attention. It ended on April 22, 1997 when Peruvian Armed Forces commandos stormed the building by carrying out a frontal daytime attack after tunneling underground into the embassy to rescue the seventy-two hostages. One hostage died of medical complications, two soldiers.

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