Medellín is the capital city of the Antioquia Department in Colombia. It was founded in 1616 by Francisco Herrera y Campuzano. As of 2006, Medellín municipality has a population of 2,223,078 inhabitants, making it the second most populated city in Colombia after Bogotá ]. Medellín also serves as the core of the Valle de Aburrá (Aburrá Valley) metropolitan area, the second largest in Colombia, with more than 3.3 million inhabitants, and a leading and productive industrial and urban center. Until the late 1990s, the city was known for being a base for the most powerful international drug trafficking organizations like the homebased Medellín Cartel, lead by Pablo Escobar, and for being constantly affected by the violent Colombian conflict. Recent social changes have led to make Medellín a safer place The city's major concern, shared by many other Colombian cities, is the ongoing unemployment and sub-employment problem. People from Antioquia and especially from Medellín are called Paisas although the Paisas are people from the departments of Antioquia, Risaralda, Caldas and Quindío.
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