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Oceania
 

American Samoa

Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and New Zealand
Population: 57,794 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Samoan 90.6% (closely related to Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages), English 2.9%, Tongan 2.4%, other Pacific islander 2.1%, other 2%
note: most people are bilingual (2000 census)

Australia

Location: Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean
Population: 20,264,082 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: English 79.1%, Chinese 2.1%, Italian 1.9%, other 11.1%, unspecified 5.8% (2001 Census)

Cook Islands

Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Population: 21,388 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: English (official), Maori

East Timor

Location: Southeastern Asia, northwest of Australia in the Lesser Sunda Islands at the eastern end of the Indonesian archipelago; note - East Timor includes the eastern half of the island of Timor, the Oecussi (Ambeno) region on the northwest portion of the island of Timor, and the islands of Pulau Atauro and Pulau Jaco
Population: 1,062,777
note: other estimates range as low as 800,000 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Tetum (official), Portuguese (official), Indonesian, English
note: there are about 16 indigenous languages; Tetum, Galole, Mambae, and Kemak are spoken by significant numbers of people

Fiji

Location: Oceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Population: 905,949 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: English (official), Fijian (official), Hindustani

French Polynesia

Location: Oceania, archipelagoes in the South Pacific Ocean about one-half of the way from South America to Australia
Population: 274,578 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: French 61.1% (official), Polynesian 31.4% (official), Asian languages 1.2%, other 0.3%, unspecified 6% (2002 census)

Guam

Location: Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines
Population: 171,019 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: English 38.3%, Chamorro 22.2%, Philippine languages 22.2%, other Pacific island languages 6.8%, Asian languages 7%, other languages 3.5% (2000 census)

Indonesia

Location: Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean
Population: 245,452,739 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects, the most widely spoken of which is Javanese

Kiribati

Location: Oceania, group of 33 coral atolls in the Pacific Ocean, straddling the Equator; the capital Tarawa is about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia; note - on 1 January 1995, Kiribati proclaimed that all of its territory lies in the same time zone as its Gilbert Islands group (GMT +12) even though the Phoenix Islands and the Line Islands under its jurisdiction lie on the other side of the International Date Line
Population: 105,432 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: I-Kiribati, English (official)

Marshall Islands

Location: Oceania, two archipelagic island chains of 29 atolls, each made up of many small islets, and five single islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia
Population: 60,422 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Marshallese 98.2%, other languages 1.8% (1999 census)
note: English widely spoken as a second language; both Marshallese and English are official languages

Micronesia

Location: Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia
Population: 108,004 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: English (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi

Nauru

Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands
Population: 13,287 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Nauruan (official, a distinct Pacific Island language), English widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes

New Caledonia

Location: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia
Population: 219,246 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects

New Zealand

Location: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia
Population: 4,076,140 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: English (official), Maori (official)

Niue

Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga
Population: 2,166 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Niuean, a Polynesian language closely related to Tongan and Samoan; English

Norfolk Island

Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia
Population: 1,828 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: English (official), Norfolk a mixture of 18th century English and ancient Tahitian

Northern Mariana Islands

Location: Oceania, islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines
Population: 82,459 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Philippine languages 24.4%, Chinese 23.4%, Chamorro 22.4%, English 10.8%, other Pacific island languages 9.5%, other 9.6% (2000 census)

Palau

Location: Oceania, group of islands in the North Pacific Ocean, southeast of the Philippines
Population: 20,579 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Palauan 64.7% official in all islands except Sonsoral (Sonsoralese and English are official), Tobi (Tobi and English are official), and Angaur (Angaur, Japanese, and English are official), Filipino 13.5%, English 9.4%, Chinese 5.7%, Carolinian 1.5%, Japanese 1.5%, other Asian 2.3%, other languages 1.5% (2000 census)

Papua New Guinea

Location: Oceania, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia
Population: 5,670,544 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Melanesian Pidgin serves as the lingua franca, English spoken by 1%-2%, Motu spoken in Papua region
note: 715 indigenous languages - many unrelated

Pitcairn Islands

Location: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about midway between Peru and New Zealand
Population: 45 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: English (official), Pitcairnese (mixture of an 18th century English dialect and a Tahitian dialect)

Samoa

Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Population: 176,908 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Samoan (Polynesian), English

Solomon Islands

Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea
Population: 552,438 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Melanesian pidgin in much of the country is lingua franca; English is official but spoken by only 1%-2% of the population
note: 120 indigenous languages

Tokelau

Location: Oceania, group of three atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Population: 1,392 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Tokelauan (a Polynesian language), English

Tonga

Location: Oceania, archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Population: 114,689 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Tongan, English

Tuvalu

Location: Oceania, island group consisting of nine coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia
Population: 11,810 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Tuvaluan, English, Samoan, Kiribati (on the island of Nui)

Vanuatu

Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia
Population: 208,869 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: local languages (more than 100) 72.6%, pidgin (known as Bislama or Bichelama) 23.1%, English 1.9%, French 1.4%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.7% (1999 Census)

Wallis and Futuna

Location: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Population: 16,025 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Wallisian 58.9% (indigenous Polynesian language), Futunian 30.1%, French 10.8%, other 0.2% (2003 census)
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