Manchester is a major city within Greater Manchester in North West England, historically notable for being the world's first industrialised city, and its subsequent central role in the Industrial Revolution. The city, heralded as the "Capital of the North", is a centre of the arts, the media, higher education and commerce, and is considered by many of its citizens to be England's second city.
The City of Manchester is a metropolitan borough with City status. The metropolitan borough has a population of 441,200, while the Greater Manchester Urban Area is home to 2,240,230 people, making it England's third largest conurbation after those of Greater London and the West Midlands.
Manchester is well known for its sporting connections being associated with two major Premiership League football teams, Manchester City and Manchester United and for having hosted the XVII Commonwealth Games in 2002.
Manchester city centre is on a "tentative list" of UNESCO World Heritage Sites—mainly based around its network of canals and mills, which facilitated its development during the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century.
Manchester has been occasionally called Cottonopolis, as during the Industrial Revolution, it was a leading international centre of cotton spinning. More recently the city has been referred to as 'Madchester' due to the city's prominent music scene of the same name.
The Greater Manchester county consists of the City of Manchester and the other metropolitan boroughs which surround it: Trafford, Tameside, Salford, Wigan, Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale and Stockport. The Manchester postal area contains parts of all ten boroughs except Stockport - Salford and Sale form separate post towns within the area.
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