Mexico City, Mexico
ZipTipz Mexico City Travel Guide

The largest city in the world, with its multicultural outlook and magical blend of pre-Hispanic, colonial and modern worlds. Warm and friendly locals, zealous guardians of traditions and the love of parties... This is Mexico City.

District Guide

The Distrito Federal of Mexico is one of the largest and most densely populated cities in the world. Known colloquially as D.F., the Federal District is a good point to start on a journey of discovery of the Mexican Republic.

The City of Mexico overflows with interesting sites to see, from...

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Historical Background

The Mexican Valley was already a vital centre for trade long before Christopher Columbus set off on his voyage to the New World. Different peoples had occupied the central area of the Mexican plateau for some 20,000 years, settling along the fertile lakeshore...

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Where To Stay

The city is known as the Ciudad de Palacios (City of Palaces) for its exquisite colonial architecture making way for a modern cosmopolitan urban landscape. There is an array of hotel accommodations, which afford a variety of options to suit each traveller's preference, whether it's a small...

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Dining and Drinking

Food is more than simple sustenance in Mexico, it is a way of life, an essential ingredient in the vibrant culture of this country, through which family, friends and lovers come together. In a city this big, it is not surprising that there are many different areas in which to seek out good...

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Imagine the largest city in the world, then picture the sheer diversity of choices for entertainment. Mexico City offers all that and more. With over 300 cinemas including modern multiplex halls of up to 15 screens, one of the favorite city pastimes is to take in a movi...

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Recommended Tours

The Centro Histórico is a challenge to memory, where innumerable architectural styles, museums and religious monuments speak of centuries of history, culture and a rich artistic heritage. Walk the footsteps of Aztec ancestors where the streets reveal the mysteries of the cit...

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Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
© 2007 Wikipedia    

Mexico City is the capital city of the nation of Mexico. The "Distrito Federal" is also commonly referred to as the "D.F." It is one of the largest cities in the world and is classed as a megalopolis as it encompasses one large city that has slowly engulfed other, smaller ones. It is located in the Valley of Mexico, a large valley in the high plateaus at the center of Mexico, about 2,240 meters (7,349 feet) above sea-level, surrounded on most sides by volcanoes towering at 4,000 to 5,500 meters (13,000 to 18,000 feet) above sea-level.

Mexico City, as a municipality, was established in 1521 by Cortés in the middle of the now drained Lake Texcoco on the ruins of Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire, and of its lesser-known twin city Tlatelolco. The municipality was abolished in 1928, and the name "Mexico City" can now refer to two things.

Officially, the name "Ciudad de México" is used by the Distrito Federal (D.F.). The D.F. is a federal district serving as the capital of Mexico and which is administered by the Mexican Federal Government. The D.F. encompasses the historical center of Mexico City, but is much larger than the historical municipality of Mexico City abolished in 1928. The urbanized area of Mexico City covers only the north of the D.F., while the south of the D.F. is made up of rural areas and mountains. Although the D.F. is not a municipality, the name "Ciudad de México" is used by Mexican authorities as a synonym for the Distrito Federal (Federal District).

According to the Constitution of Mexico, Mexico City is the Federal District, (Distrito Federal). This is actually a fairly recent reform (dating from 1993) of Article 44 of the Constitution, and it was aimed at ending two centuries of quite sterile discussions (and occasional problems on jurisdiction) about whether one concept engulfed the other or even if one of the two entities really had any legal existence in lieu of the other. The complete text of the aforementioned reform also states that Mexico City is the seat of the Powers of the Union (Executive, Legislative and Judicial) and capital of the United Mexican States.

In a broader meaning, "Mexico City" refers to the whole metropolitan area of Greater Mexico City. The metropolitan area extends beyond the limits of the D.F. and encompasses (as of 2000) 35 independent municipalities located in the State of México (Estado de México), to the north, east, and west of the D.F., extending as far north as the State of Hidalgo. The metropolitan area of Greater Mexico City had 17.8 million inhabitants at the 2000 Mexican census. This means Mexico City is among the five most populated metropolitan areas in the world on par with Tokyo, New York City, Seoul and São Paulo.

Mexico City, with its distinct mestizo culture, blending native Indian (Nahuatl) and Spanish heritages, has in recent decades become one of the great financial, economic, educational, cultural, and tourist centers of the world.

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