Karachi (Urdu: كراچى, Sindhi: ڪراچي) is the capital of the province of Sindh, and the most populated city in Pakistan, sometimes known as the City of Light and the City of Quaid (شہرِ قائد), after Muhammad Ali Jinnah the founder of Pakistan. It is located on the coast of the Arabian Sea / Indian Ocean, northwest of the Indus Delta. The city is the financial and commercial centre as well as the largest port of Pakistan.
Karachi is an ethnically and religiously diverse city. Urdu, Behari, Bengali and Gujarati speaking settlers make up majority of the population in four out of five dsitricts of Karachi. District Malir is predominantly Sindhi and Balochi. In the 1980s and early 1990s, Karachi witnessed a major influx of refugees from the war in Afghanistan, and increasing political and sectarian violence between Punjabi, Pashtun, Sindhi and Mohajirs (descendants of immigrants from India). The intervention of the Pakistani army, ISI and martial law scarred the city, but a national economic boom in the early 21st century has resulted in economic growth and prosperity for the city. As of 2006 Karachi has an estimated population of 13.9 million.
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