Mogadishu (Somali: Muqdisho, popularly Xamar; Arabic: مقديشو Maqadīshū; Italian: Mogadiscio), is the largest city in Somalia, and its nominal capital.
Mogadishu lies on the historically important Indian Ocean Benadir coast, and the city has served as an important regional port for centuries.
With the 1991 collapse of central governance in Somalia, Mogadishu has seen 15 years of fighting by rival militias. However, since June 2006, Mogadishu has seen unusual peace and stabiliy, thanks to the Islamic Courts Union - though the group is thought by some to have links within the courts with al-Qaeda. With no government and an unstable situation, estimates of the city's current population vary wildly, between 1.5 and 3 million.
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