Lagos is the largest city in Nigeria. As only two censuses (in 1972 and 1991) have been taken since independence, estimates of its population vary considerably, but generally range from 10 to 15.5 million people, making it one of the most populous cities in Africa.
Lagos has grown from a small Yoruba settlement, and undergone periods of domination by two European powers, to become the commercial and population center of Nigeria.
It is also the former capital city of Nigeria; it has since been replaced by Abuja. Abuja city officially gained its status as the capital city of Nigeria on 12 December 1991; although Lagos was stripped of this title much earlier, it acted as de facto capital until around 1991.
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