Nairobi (pronounced /naɪˈrəʊbɪ/) is the capital of Kenya. Founded in 1899, the city was handed capital status from Mombasa in 1905. It is also the capital of the Nairobi Province. The city lies on the Nairobi River, in the south of the nation, and has an elevation of 5450ft (1661m) above sea-level.
Nairobi has the highest urban population in East Africa, estimated at between 3 and 4 million (according to the 1999 Census, in the administrative area of Nairobi, 2,143,254 inhabitants lived within 684 km²). Since its foundation as a railway camp in 1899, Nairobi has grown to become the largest city in Kenya, and one of the largest cities in Africa.
Nairobi is now one of the prime cities in Africa politically and financially. Home to many companies and organizations, Nairobi is established as a hub for business and culture. The GaWC defines Nairobi as a prominent social centre.
[ Read more ]