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Africa
 

Algeria

Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia
Population: 32,930,091 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects

Angola

Location: Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo
Population: 12,127,071 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages

Benin

Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Nigeria and Togo
Population: 7,862,944
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of ex
Languages: French (official), Fon and Yoruba (most common vernaculars in south), tribal languages (at least six major ones in north)

Botswana

Location: Southern Africa, north of South Africa
Population: 1,639,833
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of ex
Languages: Setswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English 2.1% (official), other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4% (2001 census)

Burkina Faso

Location: Western Africa, north of Ghana
Population: 13,902,972
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of e
Languages: French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population

Burundi

Location: Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Population: 8,090,068
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of ex
Languages: Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)

Cameroon

Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria
Population: 17,340,702
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of e
Languages: 24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)

Cape Verde

Location: Western Africa, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Senegal
Population: 420,979 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Portuguese, Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words)

Central African Republic

Location: Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Population: 4,303,356
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of ex
Languages: French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages

Chad

Location: Central Africa, south of Libya
Population: 9,944,201 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: French (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects

Comoros

Location: Southern Africa, group of islands at the northern mouth of the Mozambique Channel, about two-thirds of the way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique
Population: 690,948 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)

Côte d'Ivoire

Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Ghana and Liberia
Population: 17,654,843
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of e
Languages: French (official), 60 native dialects with Dioula the most widely spoken

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Location: Central Africa, northeast of Angola
Population: 62,660,551
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of e
Languages: French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba

Djibouti

Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia
Population: 486,530 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar

Equatorial Guinea

Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Cameroon and Gabon
Population: 540,109 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Spanish (official), French (official), pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo

Eritrea

Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan
Population: 4,786,994 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages

Ethiopia

Location: Eastern Africa, west of Somalia
Population: 74,777,981
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of e
Languages: Amharic, Tigrinya, Oromigna, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, other local languages, English (major foreign language taught in schools)

Gabon

Location: Western Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean at the Equator, between Republic of the Congo and Equatorial Guinea
Population: 1,424,906
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of ex
Languages: French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi

Gambia

Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal
Population: 1,641,564 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars

Ghana

Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo
Population: 22,409,572
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of e
Languages: English (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga)

Guinea

Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone
Population: 9,690,222 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: French (official); note - each ethnic group has its own language

Guinea-Bissau

Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Senegal
Population: 1,442,029 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Portuguese (official), Crioulo, African languages

Kenya

Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania
Population: 34,707,817
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of e
Languages: English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages

Lesotho

Location: Southern Africa, an enclave of South Africa
Population: 2,022,331
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of ex
Languages: Sesotho (southern Sotho), English (official), Zulu, Xhosa

Liberia

Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone
Population: 3,042,004 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages, of which a few can be written and are used in correspondence

Libya

Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia
Population: 5,900,754
note: includes 166,510 non-nationals (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Arabic, Italian, English, all are widely understood in the major cities

Madagascar

Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique
Population: 18,595,469 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: French (official), Malagasy (official)

Malawi

Location: Southern Africa, east of Zambia
Population: 13,013,926
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of e
Languages: Chichewa 57.2% (official), Chinyanja 12.8%, Chiyao 10.1%, Chitumbuka 9.5%, Chisena 2.7%, Chilomwe 2.4%, Chitonga 1.7%, other 3.6% (1998 census)

Mali

Location: Western Africa, southwest of Algeria
Population: 11,716,829 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages

Mauritania

Location: Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara
Population: 3,177,388 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Arabic (official), Pulaar, Soninke, French, Hassaniya, Wolof

Mauritius

Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
Population: 1,240,827 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Creole 80.5%, Bhojpuri 12.1%, French 3.4%, English (official; spoken by less than 1% of the population), other 3.7%, unspecified 0.3% (2000 census)

Mayotte

Location: Southern Africa, island in the Mozambique Channel, about one-half of the way from northern Madagascar to northern Mozambique
Population: 201,234 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Mahorian (a Swahili dialect), French (official language) spoken by 35% of the population

Morocco

Location: Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Western Sahara
Population: 33,241,259 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often the language of business, government, and diplomacy

Mozambique

Location: Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania
Population: 19,686,505
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of e
Languages: Emakhuwa 26.1%, Xichangana 11.3%, Portuguese 8.8% (official; spoken by 27% of population as a second language), Elomwe 7.6%, Cisena 6.8%, Echuwabo 5.8%, other Mozambican languages 32%, other foreign languages 0.3%, unspecified 1.3% (1997 census)

Namibia

Location: Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and South Africa
Population: 2,044,147
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of ex
Languages: English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages (Oshivambo, Herero, Nama)

Niger

Location: Western Africa, southeast of Algeria
Population: 12,525,094 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: French (official), Hausa, Djerma

Nigeria

Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon
Population: 131,859,731
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of
Languages: English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani

Republic of the Congo

Location: Western Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and Gabon
Population: 3,702,314
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of ex
Languages: French (official), Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)

Réunion

Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
Population: 787,584 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: French (official), Creole widely used

Rwanda

Location: Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Population: 8,648,248
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of ex
Languages: Kinyarwanda (official) universal Bantu vernacular, French (official), English (official), Kiswahili (Swahili) used in commercial centers

Saint Helena

Location: islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about midway between South America and Africa; Ascension Island lies 700 nm northwest of Saint Helena; Tristan da Cunha lies 2300 nm southwest of Saint Helena
Population: 7,502
note: only Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha islands are inhabited (Jul
Languages: English

São Tomé and Príncipe

Location: Western Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, straddling the Equator, west of Gabon
Population: 193,413 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Portuguese (official)

Senegal

Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania
Population: 11,987,121 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka

Seychelles

Location: archipelago in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar
Population: 81,541 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Creole 91.8%, English 4.9% (official), other 3.1%, unspecified 0.2% (2002 census)

Sierra Leone

Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia
Population: 6,005,250 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)

Somalia

Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia
Population: 8,863,338
note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the So
Languages: Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English

South Africa

Location: Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa
Population: 44,187,637
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of e
Languages: IsiZulu 23.8%, IsiXhosa 17.6%, Afrikaans 13.3%, Sepedi 9.4%, English 8.2%, Setswana 8.2%, Sesotho 7.9%, Xitsonga 4.4%, other 7.2% (2001 census)

Sudan

Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea
Population: 41,236,378 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English
note: program of "Arabization" in process

Swaziland

Location: Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa
Population: 1,136,334
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of ex
Languages: English (official, government business conducted in English), siSwati (official)

Tanzania

Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique
Population: 37,445,392
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of e
Languages: Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources, including Arabic and English, and it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages

Togo

Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Benin and Ghana
Population: 5,548,702
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of ex
Languages: French (official and the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in the north)

Tunisia

Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya
Population: 10,175,014 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Arabic (official and one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce)

Uganda

Location: Eastern Africa, west of Kenya
Population: 28,195,754
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of e
Languages: English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic

Western Sahara

Location: Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Mauritania and Morocco
Population: 273,008 (July 2006 est.)
Languages: Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic

Zambia

Location: Southern Africa, east of Angola
Population: 11,502,010
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of e
Languages: English (official), major vernaculars - Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga, and about 70 other indigenous languages

Zimbabwe

Location: Southern Africa, between South Africa and Zambia
Population: 12,236,805
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of e
Languages: English (official), Shona, Sindebele (the language of the Ndebele, sometimes called Ndebele), numerous but minor tribal dialects
Largest cities in Africa
 
Abidjan
Accra
Addis Ababa
Algiers
Cape Town
Casablanca
Dakar
Dar es Salaam
Durban
Harare
Ibadan
Johannesburg
Kano
Khartoum
Kinshasa
Lagos
Luanda
Mogadishu
Nairobi
Umm Durman
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